Objective 3 of the Productive Partnerships in Agriculture Project (PPAP) intends to improve market access through the provision of critical infrastructure; enhancing farm-gate prices, product quality and market opportunities for smallholder farmers in the project’s target areas.
- Preparation of market access infrastructure investments
- Development of market access infrastructure
Some of our success stories for Objective 3 are presented below. More information is displayed in the sidebar.
Integrating smallholder farmers in the cocoa value chain
Market access for smallholder farmers is often difficult during wet weather, and usually extremely costly. PPAP industry partner – NGIP-Agmark -provides a nationwide network of Cocoa Buying Points in Maprik, Wewak, Madang, Lae, Popondetta, Kimbe, Kerevat, Kokopo, Warangoi, Rabaul, Kokopau, Arawa and Buin. Many of these operations have additional dry bean dealer depots attached to them; thereby taking the market to the farmers throughout PNG. The NGIP-Agmark branch network mainly purchases dry cocoa beans from smallholder farmers, with additional wet bean buying operations in East and West New Britain Provinces. Commercial Agronomists (CAs) can arrange for cocoa to be collected directly from growers using either a company vehicle or by arrangement on a community based vehicle.
NGIP-Agmark’s staffer – Felix Albert – manages the day-to-day operations at the Warangoi Buying Point in East New Britain Province.
Lo wanpela dei mipela save kisim 12 to 30 beg dry bean, sapos cacao emi flush mipela isave kisim 45-50 beg lo wanpela dei. Wanpela beg imas 63.5 kg gross na igat tupela gred o kwaliti wantaim tupela preis. Tupela gred isave go lo Agmark yet.
Under Component 3, the Productive Partnerships in Agriculture Project (PPAP) sets out to address critical market access issues faced by participating smallholder farmers. For example, the Sikut Bridge was recently constructed following a proposal by the NGIP-Agmark/ENB Smallholders partnership. The culvert bridge was designed by the Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation (SMEC) in Australia, built by local company Kokopo Plant Hire and funded by PPAP. This impressive structure provides 33 ‘partnership’ families with all-weather access to essential services including Cocoa Buying Points. In addition, the bridge benefits numerous households from other ‘partnerships’ as well as non-participating communities.
Former Ward Member – Kim Tiken – lives a few kilometres inland from the Sikut Bridge. In 2013, he began replanting his cocoa block with 200 hybrid clone seedlings from PPAP. He has continued to replace his old cocoa trees, and now has around 1,000 hybrid cocoa clones which he looks after with his wife and children. The family has also recently set-up a cocoa fermentary and nursery. The Sikut bridge has really helped his family to market their local produce:
Bipo taim nogat bris, taim blo ren em dispela wara isave tait, na mipela ino inap lo krosim. Sapos ol mama iredim maket ol ino inap lo kros, na kar tu ino inap lo kros, na ol mama istranded wantaim ol kaikai.
Providing farmers with easier access to markets and services
Kariapa Village chief James Mara says the PPAP-funded Kariapa-Wapa feeder road in Tinputz, North Bougainville is a game changer for his people.
“The road will bring in many benefits to my people. It will help us transport our cocoa, copra and other crops to market, as well as providing us with easier access to services. I am very happy because this road has now taken away many of the problems we faced. I praise the World Bank for funding this road through the PPAP. We were among the least-privileged people in Tinputz. Vehicles can now pick us up at our doorsteps. We can travel to town and back at ease.”
Before this road was constructed and opened, we used to walk a long distance to the main Bougainville Highway with heavy loads on our shoulders.
Source: The National, 21 August 2019
East New Britain relies on partnerships to upgrade road infrastructure
East New Britain Province is planning to re-strategise its road infrastructure development program using the project partnership concept. And it’s most viable option at the moment is collaborative efforts between the government, people and industry stakeholders. This was revealed by its deputy provincial administrator – social and economic services Levi Mano when expressing concerns over the deterioration of national, provincial and local level government roads over the last 10 years. He said ENB has some of the most distinctively engineered road systems in the country yet they have declined badly and more likely require total rehabilitation than simple maintenance.
Mr Mano said considering the shortfalls in national government funding, the provincial administration was planning on using the Productive Partnerships in Agriculture Projects model to upgrade its road infrastructure. He said the PPAP model is a demand driven approach where funding is sourced to develop and rehabilitate road infrastructure of direct economic value. Having the government, people and industry stakeholders working together to develop a portfolio is the most progressive governance style for implementation.
Mr Mano said the province now needs to be innovative, considering climate change that is affecting the physical road conditions and also lack of government funding for rehabilitating road infrastructure. “The demand driven approach is the way forward for development in ENBP, like the PPAP approach in developing access roads into cocoa producing areas. It is more viable than improving infrastructure that is politically driven in some cases,” said Mr Mano.
He said most of the K10 million of provincial funds were spent to maintain national roads at the expense of the provincial road systems. “We have to maintain these national roads as they are the image of the province, but this is at the cost of our people whose access roads have gone beyond repair and maintenance mode,” added Mr Mano. “The province has a huge task if it is to prioritise rehabilitation of all its roads up to their initial status. Considering the shortfalls in funding from the National Government for national road maintenance, the ENBP is planning on using the PPAP model for upgrading its road infrastructure.”
Source: Post Courier, 2 October 2018
Three new roads and upgrading of existing roads
PPAP senior engineer Raymond Paulias says the project had seen the construction and commissioning of three feeder roads in Bougainville covering 14km at a cost of K8 million. Two of the roads are in South Bougainville and the third, in North Bougainville.
Paulias, who looks after Component 3’s market access infrastructure, says
The key driver to cocoa production and supply was road links and access. We basically upgrade existing feeder roads to improve market access for our farmers.
The total portfolio for the component in PNG is just under K32 million. We have rehabilitated six feeder roads in East New Britain including one culvert up in Warongoi. In the Momase Region, we have completed a 6.1km feeder road in the Markham area (Morobe), and we are just about to complete another 6km road in the Transgogol area (Madang). Currently, we are progressing rehabilitation work to five feeder roads in East Sepik – four in Maprik and one in Yangoru – at a total investment of K10 million. The aim of the investment is to ease some of the constraints afflicting farmers so that the cost of transport to market is reduced. The project started in 2014 and is coming to the closing phase.
Source: The National, 21 August 2019
Cocoa partnership projects a success
A great window of opportunity for construction of road infrastructure to serve cocoa farmers has proven completely viable as completion of projects are either coming to an end or commencing where they are being undertaken. This is under the Productive Partnerships in Agriculture Projects where funding has been released to support 10 cocoa partnership groups in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and East New Britain Province.
Cocoa is among the three top export crops of PNG, earning an average annual revenue of K300 million from 36,000 tonnes of processed cocoa beans. The PPAP is a project of the government, financed by concessionary loan financing from the World Bank, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, and a grant from the European Union. PPAP introduced the infrastructure grant support facility in 2012 and around 16 out of 60 existing road infrastructures in the East New Britain Province were scoped. After various preliminary assessments by PPAP, seven of the roads were approved by the National CSTB for works funding. So far, PPAP has completed funding of six roads in East New Britain Province and work is starting on one bridge later this year. The completed roads are Pamkubau in Toma Vunadidir LLG, Kaunsil Somil, Rangulit, Vunapalading access road in Inland Baining LLG area of Gazelle District and Riet feeder road in the Sinivit LLG, Pomio District.
There is this one farmer group called the Tagitagi Cocoa Farmers Cooperative in the Toma Vunadidir LLG. The group is one of the beneficiaries of the access road improvement program funded by the PPAP. Before 2015, accessing the Tagitagi cocoa farmers’ satellite nursery and farmer training centre at Pamkubau was an impossible task due to bad road conditions. The Tagitagi cooperative is a member of the PNG Growers Association Inc. The roadwork was tendered and Senremo Panel Shop Limited (SPS) who won the bid started work at the site in early 2015. The access road was successfully completed in 2016 and farmers from as far as Warangoi, Gaulim and Rapitok now have easy access to Pamkubau to source cocoa seedlings.
There are five cocoa partnership projects in Bougainville which submitted over 50 road bid documents in 2014. These expressions of interest for road accessibility were screened by the PPAP Industry Coordination Committee based on cost benefit analysis as per the approved project implementation manual for Component 3. After the vetting process, the technical team at the Cocoa PMU carried out full design work for the selected feeder roads for rehabilitation. Three AROB roads approved by CSTB for road construction and currently being worked on by contractors are Kariapa Wapo in the Tinputz area, North Bougainville, Oria road in Konnou and Kogui Kiru in South Bougainville.
With over 25km of road rehabilitation work done in ENBP and AROB, the onus is now on the respective provincial governments to support future sustainability of the upgraded feeder roads to ensure market access availability over the 20-year design life of the PPAP. The Autonomous Bougainville Government has already provided significant funding and support for the roads in the region.
Source: Post Courier, 2 October 2018